Find out more about the comfort women, their history, and their legacy from the resources below. This is a list of English language books, videos, articles, and movies that I found to be extremely valuable in the research phase of my project. At the bottom is a list of organizations that promote awareness of the comfort women and seek justice for them. You can contact me for information on Chinese language resources.


Wikipedia Article, overview

Financial Times article, 2015

Jan Ruff O’Herne, one of the most outspoken English-speaking survivors and activists

The Forgotten Ones, 2001 transcript of interview with Jan Ruff O’Herne and her daughters, Carol Ruff and Eileen Mitton


Archival Footage from US National Archives, filmed in 1944, 18-second video. This is the only video footage known to exist of the women. Taken by a US soldier in Yunnan. The girls in the video are Korean.

The Australian Story news segment, 2007, story on Jan


Chinese Comfort Women: Testimonies from Imperial Japan’s Sex Slaves (Contemporary Chinese Studies) 2016, PeiPei Qiu with Su Chiliang and Chen LiFei. Contains translated interviews from Chinese survivors.

The Comfort Women: Japan's Brutal Regime of Enforced Prostitution in the Second World War 1997, George Hicks


Fifty Years of Silence, Documentary Film, 1994, English - about Jan Ruff O’Herne

The Apology, Documentary Film, 2016, English with subtitles - about three survivor’s lives

Twenty-Two, Documentary Film, 2015, Chinese with subtitles - about the 22 remaining Chinese survivors (at the time of filming; many have passed since then).

Spirits Homecoming, 2016, Korean - Reuters - tops box office - historical fiction about two Korean friends


e-Museum of the Victims of Japanese Military Sexual Slavery

This museum was the starting point of my fieldwork, and I spoke with Su Zhiliang at length in Shanghai and shortly thereafter in NYC about the museum, the women, and ongoing efforts in outreach, support, justice, and educational. This is the leading research center in the world on this topic.

Comfort Women Issue Research Center at Shanghai Normal University (China) run by Su Zhiliang

other articles about this museum: China Daily, Justice for Comfort Women


Womankind (New York Asian Women’s Center)

Safe Horizon


Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issues (http://comfort-women.org)

Comfort Women Justice Coalition (SF) (http://remembercomfortwomen.org)

The Apology Campaign (Women’s Human Rights Education Institute)

The Asian Women's Fund Dignity Project


United Nations Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Sexual Slavery by Japan

Justice for Comfort Women UK

Amnesty International Australia’s Justice for “Comfort Women” Campaign

Taipei Women's Rescue Foundation

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